Members’ Area

Welcome to the Members’ Area! Here you’ll find lots of goodies to help develop your TV station and best engage with other NaSTA stations.

Tips for going live
Introduction

As technology adapts, and equipments/ trends used in live television are always changing, please take these items note as they can always be updated. See what works for your station best, and email [email protected] if you have further queries!

Top 10 Tips to go live

  1. Live-Streaming Tips, written by Christopher Osborn
    1.      Does it have to be live?

    Before starting to plan a broadcast ask yourself if the programme has to be filmed live. It should meet one of two aims by being filmed live: either to produce the best content or give your station the best experience. Even events don’t have to be filmed live. Sometimes filming as live or doing a highlights video edited during the event can be more effective and much easier.

    1.      What are the main aims of the production?

    You need to decide what you want to achieve with your live broadcast. Are you producing a single standalone programme? A live special of a normally VOD series? A weekly or monthly live series? Or covering an event? Are you trying to reach a different audience and if so will the timing of the broadcast be suitable for this audience? Or are you trying to extend your stations capabilities and give your members a new and exciting experience?

    1.      What are the requirements?

    If you are covering an event are there any requirements from the organisers? For example if it is a Students’ Union elections results or hustings are there any regulations on fairness and impartiality you need to stick to? If it is a debate or Question Time style programme have you got plans in place to prevent any controversial or potentially liable content from being broadcast?

    1.      Plan everything.

    A live broadcast doesn’t stand much chance of happening if it doesn’t exist on paper beforehand. Make sure you conduct site visits for any venues you are unfamiliar with as you’ll need to plan your camera and gallery positions, where you can get power and internet access from etc.

    1.      Communications is vital.

    There is nothing worse in a live broadcast than a presenter being left on air without anything to say or not knowing how long they have to talk for. Communications is the most important part of an outside broadcast. The director needs to be able to communicate with everyone so they all know when you go live, when you cut to a VT, when the studio is due back on or how long they need to keep filling time for.

    1.      Rehearse.

    If your live broadcast is part of a weekly live series with a regular team then the chances are you won’t need to rehearse each individual show in full. However it will be helpful to rehearse any new features or individual links that are different. If you are producing a one off show or event coverage, or have new crew, rehearsals are vital.

    1.      Try out your technical setup before the transmission day.

    Even if you can’t access your venue you should setup as much of your equipment as possible anywhere you can find to check that.

    1.      Test streaming from the venue.

    If you are broadcasting from a new venue make sure that you can live stream from the venue. Check your stream using the same network socket that you will use for the right broadcast to make sure you are assigned the right IP address, the socket is on the right VLN and there are no port restrictions or access restrictions that will stop you from connecting to your streaming server.

    1.      Choose the right guests and do your research.

    Make sure that you choose guests who are able to talk about the relevant topic for a long time. This means you can fill any gaps caused by delays or technical problems with conversation rather than having to use up all of you VT or go off air. DO your research and be aware of any topics they may not want to, or may not be allowed to talk about.

    1.   Relax and enjoy it.

    Live broadcasting is one of the most stressful things a student TV station can attempt but being stressed and worried about it will only make it harder. Enjoy the experience, learn from your mistakes and make the next show better.

What equipment do I need?

Stations may request funding for lots of bits and bobs for kit from their Students’ Union, especially around SU Elections and Varsity as they are great events to get cross-promotion and boost audiences for Unions and the Student TV Station.

We collated together some examples from Stations across the UK, about they have used to host events such as Varsity, SU Elections and the national simulcast broadcast like Freshers TV. One option is also to rent the equipment from local kit hire companies. It will depend on if you as

RHUBARB TV, Royal Holloway University

LA1TV and YSTV, University of Lancashire and University of York

FORGE TV, University of Sheffield (below)

 

Forge TV

VISUALS

  • Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio
  • 3 x Sony PXW X70 (broadcast cameras)
  • 2 x Sony A6300 (mirrorless cameras, we sometimes use them to stream, and they’re really good, would definitely recommend to all other stations to get them!)
  • 1x Sony A600 (again, a mirrorless camera, can livestream but only using battery power, so it’ll only last for about 45mins – 1hour if you’re lucky)
  • A range of tripods which are all fluid heads (a few libecs and Manfrottos)
  • We are currently in the process of raising some money towards buying a new vision mixer: Blackmagic ATEM Production Studio 4k 1M/E which will be AMAZING!

AUDIO

  • We are very lucky to be able to work with our friends over at Forge Radio for a lot of our live events, and they have some fantastic audio equipment. The main desk we use is a Behringer X32 Compact. (All Student TV/radio stations should invest in an X32 for Live Streams, they’re perfect for 99% of events. Really simple to use, and a LOT of functionality). We also use a Behinger X-Air 18 (really nice digital desk for smaller events)
  • And we have a 12 channel Analogue Soundcraft desk (which we rarely use, but do have available). For mics, we have a lot. Sennheiser E835s are our most used (probably got about 6 of them) along with a few SM58s which we use for our on screen presenters. Then we also have a couple of RODE NTG2 shotgun mics, which come in handy for all kinds of events, and also 4 or 5 Wireless Lav kits.

LIGHTS

  • We don’t have a lot of lighting gear at the moment, it’s our next area we want to invest in.
  • We do have 3 Softbox photography lights, and a couple of Aputure Amaran LED panels, which are super useful.

SOFTWARE

  • At the moment we livestream using Wirecast Pro, and we’ve found it perfect for all of our streams. It’s very user friendly and easy to set up, you can do custom scoreboards in the software which is a bonus. We are thinking of moving over to OBS and using Caspar CG for graphics, but we’re not quite there yet.

STREAMING HARDWARE

  • Last year (literally 11 days before we hosted Freshers TV) we build ourselves a PC to handle all of our streaming. Off the top of my head it has i7 4790 processor, about 16gb RAM, GTX 780 (I think) and a 250gb SSD. Running a complete livestream (running for 10 hours during Varsity) only uses around 50% CPU (So it’s quite good)
Looking to the future

These Resources will be able to help and assist you as you prepare for your final few months and years in Student Television, and want to enter the Television Industry! There’s lots of avenues to explore, and it can seem quite daunting how to progress. Attached are some handy guides, schemes, and areas where you can find out more information about getting into particular roles, genres and formats.

ITV INSIGHT

Find Work Experience and access a community of people in Entry-Level TV with ITV Insight, a members - only community on LinkedIn!

SMPTE Student Membership

At only $10, the SMPTE Student Membership offers students the chance to access a load of resources and content for SMPTE members. SMPTE is great for anyone interested in the engineering aspect of television.

BAFTA GURU

Gain student and discounted access to events and screenings with BAFTA

RTS Membership

Student Membership to RTS allows discounted access to events put on by the Royal Television Society in different regions throughout the year, and enter the awards. It's free!

Facebook groups

The Unit List

Look regionally!

E.g. Film London and Film Birmingham have regional runner email databases for new opportunities

Talent Manager

Talent Bases

Creative Access (BAME only)

Creative Skillset/ Hiive

Creative England

BAFTA Guru
In particular – Breakthrough Brits is a great scheme!

Media Trust
Anyone based in Birmingham, London or Manchester

Call Time Runners Agency
Actively recruit a few times each year, great way to segway into becoming Assistant Directors

Production Guild:
Once you are more experienced with credits, a good scheme to get into!

BFI NETWORK

NETWORK Shorts

£10,000

Account on BFI Network website

Not made a feature film

Not received public funding

UK Resident aged 18 +

Channel 4

Random Acts

£4000

Aged 16 – 24

No longer than 4 minutes

Emphasis on non- narrative work

Creative England

Short Flix

£10,000

Not in full time education, employment or training

Film Cymru Wales

Beacons

£5000 – £15,000

Made 1 previous screen based piece of work

Be Welsh Resident aged 18 +

Film London

London Calling

£4,000

Base in London, aged 18 +

Film London

London Calling Plus

£15,000

Base in London, aged 18 +, BAME

Jameson

Jameson First Film

Aged 25 +, resident in US, UK, S. Africa, Ireland, Australia, Canada, Bulgaria or Israel

Kevin Spacey Foundation

Artist of Choice

£10,000

UK resident, aged 18 +

Northern Ireland Screen

New Shorts Focus

Female, 30 +, Disabled, BAME, LGBT Filmmakers,

N. Ireland resident

Writing/ directing credit on short film in the last three years

Scottish Film Talent Network

Scottish Shorts

£15,000

Aged 18 +, Scotland based, not in full time education

Wellcome Trust

Public Engagement Fund

£5000 – £50,000

Aged 18 +, Medical research & academic involvement aspect

The Network (Edinburgh TV Festival)

ALL (Production,, Editorial, Networking)

ITV Insight

Factual & Entertainment

NFTS

Film & Distribution

Channel 4 (4Talent)

ALL

Directors UK

Really useful training information for aspiring directors in film or drama

Film and Drama

Filmomomics

Distribution

Mama Youth – What’s Up TV Training

Fact – Entertainment

(all areas)

Sara Putt Associates Scheme

Film and Drama

RDF 6 month Internships

Production Management or Editorial (Researchers)

Factual, Entertainment

Procam

Technical (video, audio)

Pro Motion

Hands on training

Sky

Various schemes

104 Films

Disabled talent – Film

Indie Diversity Training Scheme

Factual

Production Co- Ordinator Training Scheme

Pilot programme launching in London and Manchester this year, extending to Birmingham too

Factual

Regulations for broadcasting online

OFCOM’s regulations are used for broadcasters using television, radio etc. Releasing videos online, such as YouTube are not restricted by these, as each site will have their own legal restrictions to photos and videos being displayed on their page. They are at discretion to remove content if they feel it could cause offence, or conflict with the site’s agenda. Nonetheless, users are of course, able to report it if they feel the decision has been made unfairly.  

Many Stations use platforms such as Facebook, and YouTube to showcase videos, with Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat also becoming increasingly popular. These services enable users to livestream, which is becoming increasingly popular. When publishing and releasing videos online, stations should be aware about where the images, video and audio have been sourced, and whether the correct permissions have been sought out from the original source.

PRS Music Licensing can be extremely expensive, so it is advised that student TV Stations consider using royalty-free music, or signing up to services such as www.audionetwork.com to use copyright free images or video, sites like Flickr and Wikicommons also include an option to search for ‘creative commons’. Or even try collaborating with musicians and other societies to create your own!

If content is found, which hasn’t been cleared, stations are at risk of paying a fine- which could have to be paid by the SU, due to structures and governances of Student TV Stations.

Broadcast practice (TV). OFCOM uses the Broadcast Code, for all broadcasters (think BBC, ITV, Sky etc)

This is comprised of 10 sections. Full information is available online here, where Stations and SU’s can refer to: https://www.ofcom.org.uk/tv-radio-and-on-demand/broadcast-codes/broadcast-code?lang=c

  1. Protecting under 18’s
  2. harm and offence
  3. Crime, disorder, hatred, abuse
  4. Religion
  5. Due impartiality and due accuracy
  6. Elections and Referendums
  7. Fairness
  8. Privacy
  9. Commercial references on TV
  10. Commercial references on Radio